Society Deutsch Inhaltsverzeichnis
Englisch-Deutsch-Übersetzungen für society im Online-Wörterbuch togel9naga.co (Deutschwörterbuch). Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "society" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen. Übersetzung Englisch-Deutsch für society im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion. Lernen Sie die Übersetzung für 'society' in LEOs Englisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten ✓ Aussprache und. Übersetzung für 'society' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch von LANGENSCHEIDT – mit Beispielen, Synonymen und Aussprache.
Übersetzung Englisch-Deutsch für society im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion. Übersetzung für 'society' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch von LANGENSCHEIDT – mit Beispielen, Synonymen und Aussprache. Die German Society of Pennsylvania ist eine seit bestehende Gesellschaft, die sich der Erforschung des deutschen Beitrags zur amerikanischen.
Fried, a conflict theorist, and Elman Service , an integration theorist, who have produced a system of classification for societies in all human cultures based on the evolution of social inequality and the role of the state.
This system of classification contains four categories:. Over time, some cultures have progressed toward more complex forms of organization and control.
This cultural evolution has a profound effect on patterns of community. Hunter-gatherer tribes settled around seasonal food stocks to become agrarian villages.
Villages grew to become towns and cities. Cities turned into city-states and nation-states. Many societies distribute largess at the behest of some individual or some larger group of people.
This type of generosity can be seen in all known cultures; typically, prestige accrues to the generous individual or group.
Conversely, members of a society may also shun or scapegoat any members of the society who violate its norms. Mechanisms such as gift-giving , joking relationships and scapegoating , which may be seen in various types of human groupings, tend to be institutionalized within a society.
Social evolution as a phenomenon carries with it certain elements that could be detrimental to the population it serves. Some societies bestow status on an individual or group of people when that individual or group performs an admired or desired action.
This type of recognition is bestowed in the form of a name, title, manner of dress, or monetary reward. In many societies, adult male or female status is subject to a ritual or process of this type.
Altruistic action in the interests of the larger group is seen in virtually all societies. The phenomena of community action, shunning, scapegoating, generosity, shared risk, and reward are common to many forms of society.
Societies are social groups that differ according to subsistence strategies , the ways that humans use technology to provide needs for themselves.
Although humans have established many types of societies throughout history, anthropologists tend to classify different societies according to the degree to which different groups within a society have unequal access to advantages such as resources, prestige, or power.
Virtually all societies have developed some degree of inequality among their people through the process of social stratification, the division of members of a society into levels with unequal wealth, prestige, or power.
Sociologists place societies in three broad categories: pre-industrial , industrial , and postindustrial. In a pre-industrial society, food production, which is carried out through the use of human and animal labor , is the main economic activity.
These societies can be subdivided according to their level of technology and their method of producing food.
These subdivisions are hunting and gathering, pastoral, horticultural, agricultural, and feudal. The main form of food production in such societies is the daily collection of wild plants and the hunting of wild animals.
Hunter-gatherers move around constantly in search of food. As a result, they do not build permanent villages or create a wide variety of artifacts , and usually only form small groups such as bands and tribes.
However, some hunting and gathering societies in areas with abundant resources such as people of tlingit lived in larger groups and formed complex hierarchical social structures such as chiefdom.
The need for mobility also limits the size of these societies. They generally consist of fewer than 60 people and rarely exceed Statuses within the tribe are relatively equal, and decisions are reached through general agreement.
The ties that bind the tribe are more complex than those of the bands. Leadership is personal—charismatic—and used for special purposes only in tribal society.
There are no political offices containing real power, and a chief is merely a person of influence, a sort of adviser; therefore, tribal consolidations for collective action are not governmental.
The family forms the main social unit , with most members being related by birth or marriage. This type of organization requires the family to carry out most social functions, including production and education.
Pastoralism is a slightly more efficient form of subsistence. Rather than searching for food on a daily basis, members of a pastoral society rely on domesticated herd animals to meet their food needs.
Pastoralists live a nomadic life, moving their herds from one pasture to another. Because their food supply is far more reliable, pastoral societies can support larger populations.
Since there are food surpluses, fewer people are needed to produce food. As a result, the division of labor the specialization by individuals or groups in the performance of specific economic activities becomes more complex.
For example, some people become craftworkers, producing tools , weapons , and jewelry , among other items of value.
The production of goods encourages trade. This trade helps to create inequality, as some families acquire more goods than others do.
These families often gain power through their increased wealth. The passing on of property from one generation to another helps to centralize wealth and power.
Over time emerge hereditary chieftainships, the typical form of government in pastoral societies. Fruits and vegetables grown in garden plots that have been cleared from the jungle or forest provide the main source of food in a horticultural society.
These societies have a level of technology and complexity similar to pastoral societies. Some horticultural groups use the slash-and-burn method to raise crops.
The wild vegetation is cut and burned, and ashes are used as fertilizers. Horticulturists use human labor and simple tools to cultivate the land for one or more seasons.
When the land becomes barren, horticulturists clear a new plot and leave the old plot to revert to its natural state. They may return to the original land several years later and begin the process again.
By rotating their garden plots, horticulturists can stay in one area for a fairly long period of time.
This allows them to build semipermanent or permanent villages. The size of a village's population depends on the amount of land available for farming; thus villages can range from as few as 30 people to as many as As with pastoral societies, surplus food leads to a more complex division of labor.
Specialized roles in horticultural societies include craftspeople, shamans religious leaders , and traders. This role specialization allows people to create a wide variety of artifacts.
As in pastoral societies, surplus food can lead to inequalities in wealth and power within horticultural political systems, developed because of the settled nature of horticultural life.
Agrarian societies use agricultural technological advances to cultivate crops over a large area. Sociologists use the phrase agricultural revolution to refer to the technological changes that occurred as long as 8, years ago that led to cultivating crops and raising farm animals.
Increases in food supplies then led to larger populations than in earlier communities. This meant a greater surplus, which resulted in towns that became centers of trade supporting various rulers, educators, craftspeople, merchants, and religious leaders who did not have to worry about locating nourishment.
Greater degrees of social stratification appeared in agrarian societies. For example, women previously had higher social status because they shared labor more equally with men.
In hunting and gathering societies, women even gathered more food than men. However, as food stores improved and women took on lesser roles in providing food for the family, they increasingly became subordinate to men.
As villages and towns expanded into neighboring areas, conflicts with other communities inevitably occurred.
Farmers provided warriors with food in exchange for protection against invasion by enemies. A system of rulers with high social status also appeared.
This nobility organized warriors to protect the society from invasion. In this way, the nobility managed to extract goods from "lesser" members of society.
Feudalism was a form of society based on ownership of land. Unlike today's farmers, vassals under feudalism were bound to cultivating their lord's land.
In exchange for military protection, the lords exploited the peasants into providing food, crops, crafts, homage, and other services to the landowner.
The estates of the realm system of feudalism was often multigenerational; the families of peasants may have cultivated their lord's land for generations.
Between the 15th and 16th centuries, a new economic system emerged that began to replace feudalism. Capitalism is marked by open competition in a free market, in which the means of production are privately owned.
Europe's exploration of the Americas served as one impetus for the development of capitalism. The introduction of foreign metals, silks, and spices stimulated great commercial activity in European societies.
Industrial societies rely heavily on machines powered by fuels for the production of goods. This produced further dramatic increases in efficiency.
The increased efficiency of production of the industrial revolution produced an even greater surplus than before. Now the surplus was not just agricultural goods, but also manufactured goods.
This larger surplus caused all of the changes discussed earlier in the domestication revolution to become even more pronounced.
Once again, the population boomed. Increased productivity made more goods available to everyone. However, inequality became even greater than before.
The breakup of agricultural-based feudal societies caused many people to leave the land and seek employment in cities.
This created a great surplus of labor and gave capitalists plenty of laborers who could be hired for extremely low wages.
Post-industrial societies are societies dominated by information, services, and high technology more than the production of goods.
Advanced industrial societies are now seeing a shift toward an increase in service sectors over manufacturing and production.
The United States is the first country to have over half of its work force employed in service industries.
Service industries include government, research, education, health, sales, law, and banking. The term "society" is currently used to cover both a number of political and scientific connotations as well as a variety of associations.
The development of the Western world has brought with it the emerging concepts of Western culture , politics, and ideas, often referred to simply as "Western society".
The cultures and lifestyles of all of these stem from Western Europe. They all enjoy relatively strong economies and stable governments, allow freedom of religion, have chosen democracy as a form of governance, favor capitalism and international trade, are heavily influenced by Judeo-Christian values , and have some form of political and military alliance or cooperation.
Although the concept of information society has been under discussion since the s, in the modern world it is almost always applied to the manner in which information technologies have impacted society and culture.
It therefore covers the effects of computers and telecommunications on the home, the workplace, schools, government, and various communities and organizations, as well as the emergence of new social forms in cyberspace.
One of the European Union 's areas of interest is the information society. Here policies are directed towards promoting an open and competitive digital economy , research into information and communication technologies , as well as their application to improve social inclusion , public services , and quality of life.
The International Telecommunications Union 's World Summit on the Information Society in Geneva and Tunis and has led to a number of policy and application areas where action is envisaged.
As access to electronic information resources increased at the beginning of the 21st century, special attention was extended from the information society to the knowledge society.
An analysis by the Irish government stated, "The capacity to manipulate, store and transmit large quantities of information cheaply has increased at a staggering rate over recent years.
The digitisation of information and the associated pervasiveness of the Internet are facilitating a new intensity in the application of knowledge to economic activity, to the extent that it has become the predominant factor in the creation of wealth.
As much as 70 to 80 percent of economic growth is now said to be due to new and better knowledge.
Society deutsche Übersetzung. Oh, it's a mystery to me We have a greed, with which we have agreed And you think you have to want more than you need Until you have it all you won't be free Society, you're a crazy breed I hope you're not lonely without me When you want more than you have You think you need And when you think more than you want Your thoughts begin to bleed I think I need to find a bigger place 'Cause when you have more than you think You need more space.
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Fan Werden.Der Eintrag wurde Ihren Favoriten hinzugefügt. Wie kann ich Übersetzungen in den Vokabeltrainer übernehmen? He presents the topics of differences between the uprooting in decolonial African societies and the uncertainty in neoliberally marked go here societies of Europe as sociopolitical complexes and links them to the European treatment of colonialism and migration nowadays. Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. Sobald sie in den Vokabeltrainer übernommen wurden, sind sie auch auf anderen Geräten verfügbar. Nationalen Deutsch-Ame rikanischen Lehrerbundes ° German-American Historical Society (Deutsch-Amerikanischer Nationalbund): Gründungsmitgl. Übersetzung im Kontext von „by society“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: by civil society. Many translated example sentences containing "development society" – German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations. most cases these amounts are insufficient for the purpose, and the Society is then applied to for additional assistance. " sl In der Tat nahm die Finanzierung von. Die German Society of Pennsylvania ist eine seit bestehende Gesellschaft, die sich der Erforschung des deutschen Beitrags zur amerikanischen.